Dr. Carter is an adjunct scientist at ICES, a professor in the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering at the University of Toronto and director of the Healthcare Resource Modelling Lab. He received his doctorate in mathematics from the University of Waterloo in 1980. He has worked extensively in university timetabling, production scheduling and healthcare applications and has supervised more than 100 engineering students in over 70 projects within healthcare institutions. Dr. Carter has won the Annual Practice Prize from the Canadian Operational Research Society (CORS) three times (1988, 1992 and 1996). In 2000, he received the CORS Award of Merit for lifetime contributions to Canadian Operational Research. Dr. Carter is also on the editorial board for the Journal of Scheduling and the journal Healthcare Management Science, and was a lecturer with the Project H.O.P.E. international program in Healthcare Quality in Central and Eastern Europe in 2002 (Estonia & Latvia) and 2003 (Hungary & the Czech Republic).