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Real world long-term outcomes among adults undergoing transcatheter patent foramen closure with amplatzer PFO occluder


Background — Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a congenital heart defect associated with an increased risk of cryptogenic stroke. We aimed to evaluate real-world outcomes of adult patients undergoing transcatheter PFO closure with the Amplatzer PFO Occluder.

Methods — In this single centre, retrospective cohort study, we linked a detailed clinical registry with provincial administrative databases to obtain short and long-term outcomes. Validated algorithms were used to established baseline comorbidities and adverse outcomes.

Results — Between 1999 and 2017, 479 patients had PFO closure with an Amplatzer PFO Occluder. The average age of the patients was 47.3 years (standard deviation (SD) = 12.4), and 54.7% were males. The procedural success was 100%, and 96% of patients were discharged on the same day. Any in-hospital complication was observed in 2.5% (n = 12) of patients. At 30 days post-discharge, 18% of patients had an ED visit and 5% a hospitalization. Over a mean follow-up of 9.1 (SD = 3.8) years, 4% experienced TIA, 1.5% stroke, and 7.6% atrial fibrillation. The composite outcome of stroke/TIA/death was observed in 10.9% of patients (1.22 events per 100 person-years). Patients >60 years old experienced higher rates of adverse events than younger patients.

Conclusions — In this large real-world cohort of patients with cryptogenic stroke, we observed excellent safety and effectiveness outcomes for PFO closure conducted with Amplatzer PFO Occluder, similar to randomized controlled trials or other long-term cohort studies. New onset atrial fibrillation was one of the most commonly adverse events. Future studies should investigate early post-discharge management of patients to prevent readmissions.



Abrahamyan L, Barker M, Dharma C, Lee DS, Austin PC, Asghar A, Muthuppalaniappan A, Benson L, Osten M, Horlick EM. Int J Cardiol. 2023; 371:109-15. Epub 2022 Sep 19.

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