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Health services use and outcomes for hospital admissions with a major cardiovascular event recorded in healthcare administrative data in patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis: a retrospective cohort study

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Background — Administrative data are used in studies of hemodialysis care to report cardiovascular-related hospitalizations. Showing recorded events are associated with significant healthcare resource use and poor outcomes would confirm that administrative data algorithms identify clinically meaningful events.

Objective — The objective of this study was to describe the 30-day health service use and outcomes when a hospital admission with myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, or ischemic stroke is recorded in administrative databases.

Design — This is a retrospective review of linked administrative data.

Patients and Setting — Patients receiving maintenance in-center hemodialysis in Ontario, Canada, between April 1, 2013, and March 31, 2017, were included.

Measurements — Records from linked healthcare databases at ICES in Ontario, Canada were considered. We identified hospital admission with the most responsible diagnosis recorded as myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, or ischemic stroke. We then assessed the frequency of common tests, procedures, consultations, post-discharge outpatient drug prescriptions, and outcomes within 30 days following the hospital admission.

Methods — We used descriptive statistics to summarize results using counts and percentages for categorical variables and means with standard deviations or medians with quartile ranges for continuous variables.

Results — There were 14 368 patients who received maintenance hemodialysis between April 1, 2013, and March 31, 2017. The number of events per 1000 person-years was 33.5 for hospital admissions with myocardial infarction, 34.2 for congestive heart failure, and 12.9 for ischemic stroke. The median (25th, 75th percentile) duration of hospital stay was 5 (3-10) days for myocardial infarction, 4 (2-8) days for congestive heart failure, and 9 (4-18) days for ischemic stroke. The chance of death within 30 days was 21% for myocardial infarction, 11% for congestive heart failure, and 19% for ischemic stroke.

Limitations — Events, procedures, and tests recorded in administrative data can be misclassified compared with medical charts.

Conclusions — In patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis, hospital admissions of major cardiovascular events routinely recorded in health administrative databases are associated with significant use of health service resources and poor health outcomes.

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Citation

Al-Jaishi AA, Jeyakumar N, Kang Y, De Chickera S, Dixon SN, Luo B, Sontrop J, Walsh M, Tonelli M, Garg AX. Can J Kidney Health Dis. 2023; 10:20543581231165708. Epub 2023 Apr 13.

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