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Rural and urban differences in the risk of inflammatory bowel disease and subsequent health services utilization in Ontario

Kuenzig ME, Nguyen GC, Benchimol EI. Healthc Q. 2019; 22(2):6-9. Epub 2019 Jul 1. DOI: 10.12927/hcq.2019.25913.


Canada has one of the highest rates of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in the world, with 1 in 140 Canadians currently living with the disease. IBD occurs less often among individuals living in rural households. This protective effect is particularly pronounced in young children, and early-life exposure to the rural environment greatly reduces the risk. However, individuals living in rural areas who have IBD have decreased access to specialist gastroenterology care.

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