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Rural and urban differences in the risk of inflammatory bowel disease and subsequent health services utilization in Ontario


Canada has one of the highest rates of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in the world, with 1 in 140 Canadians currently living with the disease. IBD occurs less often among individuals living in rural households. This protective effect is particularly pronounced in young children, and early-life exposure to the rural environment greatly reduces the risk. However, individuals living in rural areas who have IBD have decreased access to specialist gastroenterology care.



Kuenzig ME, Nguyen GC, Benchimol EI. Healthc Q. 2019; 22(2):6-9. Epub 2019 Jul 1.

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