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Emergency Department Services in Ontario


The emergency department (ED) is a critical component of the healthcare system, interacting directly with many sectors of care. When resources are reduced in other parts of the system, the impact is frequently seen in the ED. Consequently, the effectiveness of the ED is a prime indicator of how well a community’s healthcare system is functioning.

This research atlas aims to enhance the understanding of the province’s emergency services and to assist policymakers and planners in anticipating future trends. The report examines changes to the organization and funding of EDs, including the impact of hospital restructuring; patient utilization of ED services; and the ED physician workforce in terms of supply, level of training, workload and demographics.



Chan BT, Schull MJ, Schultz SE. November 2001

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