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Severity of obstructive coronary artery stenosis after pre-eclampsia


Introduction — Women with a history of pre-eclampsia are at higher risk of premature coronary artery disease. Assessment of obstructive coronary artery stenosis by invasive coronary angiography has not been evaluated after pre-eclampsia.

Methods — A population-based cohort study was completed in Ontario, Canada, where there is universal healthcare and collection of angiographic data. Included were women with a live birth or stillbirth from 2002 to 2020, and without known heart disease. One birth was randomly selected per woman. The main exposure compared women with versus without pre-eclampsia. The primary outcome was angiographically established obstructive coronary artery stenosis, assessed starting 42 days after the index birth. Cause-specific hazard models accounting for competing risks generated HRs, adjusted for age, parity, income, rurality, diabetes, chronic hypertension, renal disease, substance use and dyslipidaemia.

Results — Among 42 252 women ever with pre-eclampsia and 1359 122 never with pre-eclampsia, mean age was 31.1 years and 30.6 years, respectively. After 9 years of follow-up, obstructive coronary artery stenosis occurred in 186 women with pre-eclampsia (4.53 per 10 000 person-years) versus 1237 women without pre-eclampsia (0.97 per 10 000 person-years)—an unadjusted HR 4.41 (95% CI 3.78 to 5.14) and adjusted HR 2.07 (95% CI 1.77 to 2.43). Relative to those with neither, the adjusted HR for coronary stenosis was highest in women with pre-eclampsia and preterm birth (3.11, 95% CI 2.51 to 3.87), or pre-eclampsia and stillbirth (2.80, 95% CI 1.05 to 7.47).

Conclusions — Pre-eclampsia is associated with a greater risk of premature-onset obstructive coronary artery stenosis, especially when it is complicated by a preterm birth or a stillbirth.



Ray JG, Austin PC, Park AL, Cohen E, Fang J, Chu A. Heart. 2023; 109(6):449-56. Epub 2022 Oct 21.

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