Go to content

Multimorbidity at time of death among persons with type 2 diabetes: a population-based study in Ontario, Canada


Objective — Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes are likely to experience multimorbidity and accumulate multiple chronic conditions over their life. We aimed to identify causes of death and chronic conditions at the time of death in a population-based cohort, and to analyze variations in the presence of diabetes at the time of death overall and across income and immigrant status.

Research Design and Methods — We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 2,199,801 adult deaths from 1992 to 2017 in Ontario, Canada. We calculated the proportion of decedents with chronic conditions at time of death and causes of death. The risk of diabetes at the time of death was modeled across sociodemographic variables with a log binomial regression adjusting for sex, age, immigrant status, area-level income. comorbidities and time.

Results — The leading causes of death in the cohort were cardiovascular and cancer. Decedents with diabetes had a higher prevalence of most chronic conditions than decedents without diabetes, including hypertension, osteo and other arthritis, chronic coronary syndrome, mood disorder, and congestive heart failure. The risk of diabetes at the time of death was 19% higher in immigrants (95%CI 1.18–1.20) and 15% higher in refugees (95%CI 1.12–1.18) compared to long-term residents, and 19% higher in the lowest income quintile (95%CI 1.18–1.20) relative to the highest income quintile, after adjusting for other covariates.

Conclusions — Individuals with diabetes have a greater multimorbidity burden at the time of death, underscoring the importance of multiple chronic disease management among those living with diabetes and further considerations of the social determinants of health.



Rosella LC, Negatu E, Kornas K, Chu C, Zhou L, Buajitti E. BMC Endocr Disord. 2023; 23(1):127. Epub 2023 Jun 2.

View Source

Contributing ICES Scientists

Associated Sites