Women with intellectual disability have low screening rates for breast and cervical cancer. This population-based cohort study examined the association between the level of primary care continuity and breast and cervical cancer screening rates in women with intellectual disability. Data were obtained from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences and the Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services. Neither high (adjusted OR [aOR] = 1.06; 95% CI: 0.88-1.29) nor moderate (aOR = 1.11; 95% CI: 0.91-1.36) continuity of care were associated with mammography screening. Women were less likely to receive a Pap test with high (aOR = 0.70; 95% CI: 0.64-0.77) and moderate (aOR = 0.81, 95% CI 0.74-0.89) versus low continuity of care. Improving continuity of care may not be sufficient for increasing preventive screening rates.