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The epidemiology of rheumatoid arthritis in Ontario, Canada

Widdifield J, Paterson JM, Bernatsky S, Tu K, Tomlinson G, Kuriya B, Thorne JC, Bombardier C. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2014; 66(4):786-93. Epub 2014 Mar 1.


Objective — Epidemiological assessments of sufficiently large populations are required to obtain robust estimates of disease prevalence and incidence, particularly when exploring the influence of various factors (age, sex, calendar time). Our aim was to describe the epidemiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) over the past 15 years.

Methods — We used the Ontario Rheumatoid Arthritis administrative Database (ORAD), a validated population-based research database of all Ontarians with RA. ORAD records were linked with census data to calculate crude and age-and-sex-standardized prevalence and incidence rates from 1996 to 2010. Vital statistics were used to estimate annual all-cause mortality during the study period.

Results — As of 2010, there were 97,499 Ontarians with RA, corresponding to a cumulative prevalence of 0.9%. Age-and-sex-standardized RA prevalence increased steadily over time from 473 (95% CI 469-478) per 100,000 population (0.5%) in 1996 to 784 (95% CI 779-789) per 100,000 (0.9%) in 2010. Age-and-sex-standardized incidence per 100,000 population ranged from 62 (95% CI 60-63) in 1996 to 54 (95% CI 52-55) in 2010. All-cause mortality decreased by a relative 21.4% since 1996.

Conclusions — Over a 15-year period, we observed an increase in RA prevalence over time. This rise may be attributed to the increasing time to ascertain cases (which may be latent in the population during earlier years of study), increasing survival and/or an increase in the aging background population. Incidence appears to be stable.

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Keywords: Arthritis Systematic review

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