Purpose — We describe the outcome of revascularization procedures used to treat peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD), using population-based administrative data.
Methods — A retrospective population-based cohort study utilizing administrative databases in Ontario, Canada, was conducted for fiscal years 1991 to 1998 to identify patients who underwent arterial bypass surgery and percutanous transluminal angioplasty to treat PAOD. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate cumulative survival rate and amputation-free survival rate. To analyze factors that affect these rates, multivariate analysis was performed with Cox proportional hazard models.
Results — Over the study period 15,824 patients underwent bypass operations and 11,548 underwent angioplasty. For patients who underwent bypass surgery, 5-year cumulative survival rate was 61.5% and major amputation–free survival rate was 83.4%, compared with 69% and 92.2%, respectively, for patients who underwent angioplasty. Male sex, older age, diabetes, and heart disease were associated with increased risk for death after revascularization procedures. Increased risk for major amputation after revascularization procedures was associated with male sex, older age, and diabetes, whereas hypertension was linked to decreased risk.
Conclusion — To evaluate the long-term outcome of revascularization procedures for PAOD at the population level, survival and major amputation–free survival rates should be used, because they provide more clinically accepted estimates compared with the correlation between utilization rates for revascularization and amputation procedures, which have been used to describe outcome in previously published reports in the literature.
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