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Attributable costs of stroke in Ontario, Canada and their variation by stroke type and social determinants of health


Background — Estimates of attributable costs of stroke are scarce, as most prior studies do not account for the baseline healthcare costs in people at risk of stroke. We estimated the attributable costs of stroke in a universal healthcare setting and their variation across stroke types and several social determinants of health.

Methods — We undertook a population-based administrative database-derived matched retrospective cohort study in Ontario, Canada. Community-dwelling adults aged ≥40 years with a stroke between 2003 and 2018 were matched (1:1) on demographics and comorbidities with controls without stroke. Using a difference-in-differences approach, we estimated the mean 1-year direct healthcare costs attributable to stroke from a public healthcare payer perspective, accounting for censoring with a weighted available sample estimator. We described health sector-specific costs and reported variation across stroke type and social determinants of health.

Results — The mean 1-year attributable costs of stroke were Canadian dollars 33 522 (95% CI, $33 231-$33 813), with higher costs for intracerebral hemorrhage ($40 244; $39 193-$41 294) than ischemic stroke ($32 547; $32 252-$32 843). Most of these costs were incurred in acute care hospitals ($15 693) and rehabilitation facilities ($7215). Compared with all patients with stroke, the mean attributable costs were higher among immigrants ($40 554; $39 316-$41 793), those aged <65 years ($35 175; $34 533-$35 818), and those residing in low-income neighborhoods ($34 687; $34 054-$35 320) and lower among rural residents ($29 047; $28 362-$29 731).

Conclusions — Our findings of high attributable costs of stroke, especially in immigrants, younger patients, and residents of low-income neighborhoods, can be used to evaluate potential healthcare cost savings associated with different primary stroke prevention strategies.



Vyas MV, Fang J, de Oliveira C, Austin PC, Yu AYX, Kapral MK. Stroke. 2023; Oct 12 [Epub ahead of print].

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