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Opioid deprescribing in long-term care in Ontario: a comparison of resident and facility characteristics


Residents of long-term care (LTC) homes have potentially painful conditions and are prescribed opioids to manage their pain, despite the risks associated with the use of these high-risk medications. Therefore, the overall aim of this study was to describe the associations between resident and facility characteristics of residents prescribed long-term opioid therapy and those who remained on opioids or had opioids deprescribed. We conducted a retrospective cohort study utilizing health administrative databases housed within ICES. Our cohort included 26,592 of 121,564 LTC residents (21.9%) of Ontario LTC homes who were prescribed long-term opioid therapy at cohort inception. Of these residents, 4,299 (16.2%) residents had opioids deprescribed during the follow-up period. Opioid deprescribing was associated with younger age, high comorbidity, and co-prescription with benzodiazepines and gabapentinoids. Our findings suggest that there is variation in the characteristics of residents who continued long-term opioid therapy and those who subsequently had opioids deprescribed, and these characteristics need to be considered as part of individualized pain management plans of care.



Rochon A, Almost J, Li W, Seitz D, Tranmer J. Geriatr Nurs. 2023; 53:25-32. Epub 2023 Jul 6.

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