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Lesson from Canada’s universal care: socially disadvantaged patients use more health services, still have poorer health


Lower socioeconomic status is commonly related to worse health. If poor access to healthcare were the only explanation, universal access to care should eliminate the association. The investigators studied 14,800 patients with access to Canada’s universal healthcare system who were initially free of cardiac disease, tracking them for at least ten years and seven months. The investigators found that socially disadvantaged patients used healthcare services more than did their counterparts with higher incomes and education. The investigators also found that service use by people with lower incomes and less education had little impact on their poorer health outcomes, particularly mortality. Countries contemplating national health insurance cannot rely on universal healthcare to eliminate historical disparities in outcomes suffered by disadvantaged groups. Universal access can only reduce these disparities. The findings suggest the need to introduce largescale preventive strategies early in patients’lives to help change unhealthy behavior.



Alter DA, Stukel T, Chong A, Henry D. Health Aff (Millwood). 2011; 30(2):274-83.

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