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Characteristics of new users of recent antidiabetic drugs in Canada and the United Kingdom


Background — Characteristics of patients using newer 2nd and 3rd line antidiabetic drugs in a real-world setting are poorly understood. We described the characteristics of new users of sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT-2i), dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i), and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RA) in Canada and the United Kingdom (UK) between 2016 and 2018.

Methods — We conducted a multi-database cohort study using administrative health databases from 7 Canadian provinces and the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink. We assembled a base cohort of antidiabetic drug users between 2006 and 2018, from which we constructed 3 cohorts of new users of SGLT-2i, DPP-4i, and GLP-1 RA between 2016 and 2018.

Results — Our cohorts included 194,070 new users of DPP-4i, 166,722 new users of SGLT-2i, and 27,719 new users of GLP-1 RA. New users of GLP-1 RA were more likely to be younger (mean ± SD: 56.7 ± 12.2 years) than new users of DPP-4i (67.8 ± 12.3 years) or SGLT-2i (64.4 ± 11.1 years). In Canada, new users of DPP-4i were more likely to have a history of coronary artery disease (22%) than new users of SGLT-2i (20%) or GLP-1 RA (15%).

Conclusion — Although SGLT-2i, DPP-4i, and GLP-1 RAs are recommended as 2nd or 3rd line therapy for type 2 diabetes, important differences exist in the characteristics of users of these drugs. Contrary to existing guidelines, new users of DPP-4i had a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease at baseline than new users of SGLT2i or GLP-1RA.



Brunetti VC, St-Jean A, Dell'Aniello S, Fisher A, Yu OHY, Bugden SC, Daigle JM, Hu N, Alessi-Severini S, Shah BR, Ronksley PE, Lix LM, Ernst P, Filion KB; Canadian Network for Observational Drug Effect Studies (CNODES) Investigators. BMC Endocr Disord. 2022; 22(1):241. Epub 2022 Sep 29.

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