Serious events shortly after starting dementia drugs are dose-related: study
Patients with dementia prescribed a higher-than-recommended dose of cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) therapy were more likely to have a serious event within 30 days than those dispensed a recommended dose, according to a new study by researchers at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) and Women's College Hospital (WCH).
ChEIs are some of the only medications approved for the symptomatic management of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias.
The study used administrative health data housed at ICES to track 80,332 Ontario seniors aged 66 and older with dementia who were newly dispensed oral ChEIs (donepezil, galantamine, rivastigmine) between 2010 and 2016. The researchers found the majority (88 per cent) were prescribed the recommended starting dose however, 7.3 per cent were prescribed a higher-than-recommended starting dose.
“Our study shows that within 30 days, an event serious enough to result in an emergency department visit, inpatient hospitalization, or death was higher in those receiving a higher-than-recommended dose of these drugs versus those receiving the recommended dose. Our data are among the first to suggest that these serious events are dose-related,” says Dr. Paula Rochon, senior author on the study, vice-president of research at WCH and scientist at ICES.
The study published today in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, shows that if 22 women were prescribed a ChEI at a higher-than-recommended dose (compared to the recommended starting dose) this would result in one woman having a serious event within 30 days. For men, the data showed that for every 36 men prescribed a ChEI at a higher-than-recommended dose, one man would have a serious event within the first 30 days of initiating the drug. The most common event was an emergency department visit.
“Women are at a higher risk of developing a dose-related serious event. This is an opportunity to consider both dose and sex to improve drug safety when initiating cholinesterase inhibitor therapy to manage dementia,” adds Rochon.
The researchers add that these findings reinforce the accepted strategy in geriatric medicine to “start low and go slow” to minimize adverse events that individuals starting a new drug therapy experience because adverse events are often dose related and usually occur soon after drug initiation.
“Initial cholinesterase inhibitor therapy dose and serious events in older women and men,” was published today in Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
Author block: Rochon PA, Gruneir A, Gill SS, Wu W, Zhu L, Herrmann N, Bell C, Austin PC, Stall NM, McCarthy L, Giannakeas V, Alberga A, Seitz DP, Normand SL, Gurwitz JH and Bronskill SE.
The Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) is an independent, non-profit organization that uses population-based health information to produce knowledge on a broad range of health care issues. Our unbiased evidence provides measures of health system performance, a clearer understanding of the shifting health care needs of Ontarians, and a stimulus for discussion of practical solutions to optimize scarce resources. ICES knowledge is highly regarded in Canada and abroad, and is widely used by government, hospitals, planners, and practitioners to make decisions about care delivery and to develop policy. For the latest ICES news, follow us on Twitter: @ICESOntario
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