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ICES COVID-19 Dashboard Glossary

Forward sortation area (FSA) refers to the first three characters of a postal code.

Public Health Unit (PHU) refers to a health agency that provides community health programs to a specific region. There are 34 PHUs in Ontario.

Testing rates refer to the number of persons tested per 100,000 persons for a defined group (e.g., age group, residents living in the geographical area [e.g., Ontario, FSA, PHU]).

Percent positivity refers to the percentage of persons testing positive for COVID-19 among all persons tested during the week for a defined group (e.g., age group, residents living in the geographical area [e.g., Ontario, FSA, PHU]).

Incidence refers to the number of persons who were tested positive for COVID-19 for among all persons in a defined group (e.g., age group, residents living in the geographical area [e.g., Ontario, FSA, PHU]).

Vaccine coverage broadly refers to the estimated percentage of people who have been vaccinated against COVID-19. It is usually expressed as a rate per 100 persons for a defined group (e.g., age group, residents living in a geographical area [e.g., Ontario, FSA, PHU]). More specifically, people can be classified as having received at least 1 dose, at least 2 doses, or at least 3 doses. For the purposes of this dashboard, these categories are defined as follows:

  1. At least 1 dose refers to all individuals who have received at least one dose of any COVID-19 vaccine (includes anyone classified as having received at least 2 doses, OR at least 3 doses as defined below)

  2. At least 2 doses refers to individuals who have any of the following:

    i. Two doses of COVID-19 vaccines authorized by Health Canada (Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, Astrazeneca/Covishield, Novavax, or Medicago) including any mixed combination, OR
    ii. One dose of Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen COVID-19 vaccine, OR
    iii. One dose of a non-Health Canada authorized COVID-19 vaccine (e.g. CoronaVac/Sinovac and Sinopharm/BBIBP, or Sputnik V) AND one dose of a Health Canada authorized COVID-19 vaccine (regardless of the order), OR
    iv. Three doses of any COVID-19 vaccine (whether or not the vaccines are authorized by Health Canada), OR
    v. One dose of a Health Canada authorized COVID-19 vaccine AND two doses of a non-Health Canada authorized COVID-19 vaccine (regardless of the order)

  3. At least 3 doses refers to individuals who have any of the following:
  4. i. Met any of the at least 2 doses criteria AND have received an additional dose of a COVID-19 vaccine authorized by Health Canada as a booster (Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna), OR
    ii. Met any of the at least 2 doses criteria AND have received an additional two doses of a COVID-19 vaccine authorized by Health Canada as a booster.

Neighbourhood risk refers to the likelihood of getting infected with COVID-19 based on the number of persons who ever tested positive for COVID-19 in the area. Postal code regions with a higher incidence of COVID-19 are part of neighbourhood risk group = 1, where postal code regions with a lower incidence of COVID-19 are part of neighbourhood risk group = 10.

Covid-19 dashboard

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