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Development and validation of a prediction model of poor performance status and severe symptoms over time in cancer patients (PROVIEW+)

Seow H, Tanuseputro P, Barbera L, Earle CC, Guthrie DM, Isenberg SR, Juergens RA, Myers J, Brouwers M, Tibebu S, Sutradhar R. Palliat Med. 2021; 35(9):1713-23. Epub 2021 Jun 15. DOI:

Background — Predictive cancer tools focus on survival; none predict severe symptoms.

Aim — To develop and validate a model that predicts the risk for having low performance status and severe symptoms in cancer patients.

Design — Retrospective, population-based, predictive study.

Setting and Participants — We linked administrative data from cancer patients from 2008 to 2015 in Ontario, Canada. Patients were randomly selected for model derivation (60%) and validation (40%). Using the derivation cohort, we developed a multivariable logistic regression model to predict the risk of an outcome at 6 months following diagnosis and recalculated after each of four annual survivor marks. Model performance was assessed using discrimination and calibration plots. Outcomes included low performance status (i.e. 10-30 on Palliative Performance Scale), severe pain, dyspnea, well-being, and depression (i.e. 7-10 on Edmonton Symptom Assessment System).

Results — We identified 255,494 cancer patients (57% female; median age of 64; common cancers were breast (24%); and lung (13%)). At diagnosis, the predicted risk of having low performance status, severe pain, well-being, dyspnea, and depression in 6-months is 1%, 3%, 6%, 13%, and 4%, respectively for the reference case (i.e. male, lung cancer, stage I, no symptoms); the corresponding discrimination for each outcome model had high AUCs of 0.807, 0.713, 0.709, 0.790, and 0.723, respectively. Generally these covariates increased the outcome risk by >10% across all models: lung disease, dementia, diabetes; radiation treatment; hospital admission; pain; depression; transitional performance status; issues with appetite; or homecare.

Conclusions — The model accurately predicted changing cancer risk for low performance status and severe symptoms over time.

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