Background — Nursing home (NH) residents are frequently transferred to the emergency department (ED) but there is little data on inter-facility variation, which has implications for intervention planning and implementation.
Objectives — To describe variation in ED transfer rates (TRs) across NHs and the association with NH characteristics.
Design/Setting — Retrospective cohort study using linked administrative data from Ontario.
Participants — 71,780 residents of 604 NHs in 2010 and followed for one year.
Measurements — Funnel plots were used to identify high transfer NHs and logistic regression to test the association with NH location, size, ownership and historical ED transfer rate.
Results — One-year ED transfer rates ranged from 4.3% to 58.6% (mean 28.4%); 115 (19%) NHs were considered high. Being within five minutes of an ED, larger size and high historical ED transfer rate were associated with being a high ED transfer home.
Conclusion — There was substantial variation across NHs. Consideration of characteristics such as proximity to an ED may be important in the development and targeting of different interventions for NHs.
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Emergency department visits