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Persistence and readmission in childhood asthma: a population-based asthma birth cohort study

To T, Gershon A, Wang C, Dell S, Cicutto L. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007; 161(12):1197-204.


Objectives — To examine and predict the persistence of childhood asthma.

Design — Longitudinal population-based cohort study.

Setting — Ontario, Canada.

Participants — Children born in 1994 and diagnosed with asthma before age 6 years were followed up until age 11 years. Diagnosis of asthma was defined as 1 asthma hospitalization or 2 asthma physician claims within 3 years prior to age 6 years.

Main Exposure — Intensity of health services use within 1 year postdiagnosis.

Main Outcome Measures — Those who continued to have asthma events (hospitalization and/or physician visit) between ages 6 and 11 years were considered to have “persistent asthma,” while others were in “remission.” Cumulative rates of health services use for asthma during follow-up were calculated. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate risks of persistent asthma.

Results — The study included 34 216 children diagnosed with asthma before age 6 years. More than half (54.4%) experienced a second asthma health care encounter within 1 year after diagnosis. By age 12 years, nearly half (48.6%) were in remission. Children with asthma hospitalization during the first year postdiagnosis had a 3-fold risk of persistent asthma by age 12 years (95% confidence interval, 2.69-3.39; P < .001). Those with at least 4 physician visits also had a 2.6-fold risk of persistent asthma during follow-up (95% confidence interval, 2.34-2.81; P < .001).

Conclusion — The concentration of health services use within 1 year following the initial diagnosis of childhood asthma points to the need for attentive follow-up and ongoing management and education strategies in the early years.

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Keywords: Asthma Environmental issues Pediatric health

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