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Hip arthroscopy utilization and reoperation rates in Ontario: a population-based analysis comparing different age cohorts

Degen RM, McClure JA, Le B, Welk B, Lanting B, Marsh JD. Can J Surg. 2022; 65(2):E228-35. Epub 2022 Apr 1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1503/cjs.025020


Background — Older age (> 40 yr) and osteoarthritis are negative prognostic variables for hip arthroscopy, but their impact has not been quantified from a population standpoint. The purpose of this study was to perform a population-based analysis of hip arthroscopy utilization and associated 2- and 5-year reoperation rates and complications in different age cohorts.

Methods — Administrative databases from Ontario, Canada, were retrospectively reviewed to identify patients aged 18–60 years who underwent hip arthroscopy between 2006 and 2016. Patients were stratified into 2 cohorts: 18–39 and 40–60 years of age. Patients were followed for 2 and 5 years to capture the occurrence of subsequent surgery (repeat arthroscopy or total hip arthroplasty) and postoperative complications.

Results — A total of 1906 patients underwent hip arthroscopy, 818 (42.9%) of whom were aged 40–60 years. In the entire cohort, revision surgery occurred in 6.5% and 15.1% of cases at 2 and 5 years, respectively. Revision surgery rates were significantly higher among patients aged 40–60 years at 2 (10.8% v. 3.2%, p < 0.001) and 5 years (22.7% v. 8.2%, p < 0.001) than among those aged 18–39 years. Revision rates were higher among patients aged 50–60 years than among those aged 40–49 years at 2 years (14.3% v. 9.1%, p = 0.027). Complication rates did not differ between cohorts. Regression analysis revealed higher 2- and 5-year odds of secondary surgery in patients aged 40–49 years (odds ratio [OR] 2.68, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.70–4.22; OR 2.82, 95% CI 1.87–4.25; p < 0.001), patients aged 50–60 years (OR 4.39, 95% CI 2.67–7.22; OR 3.44, 95% CI 2.11–5.62; p < 0.001) and those with osteoarthritis (OR 2.41, 95% CI 1.39–4.20; p = 0.002; OR 1.76, 95% CI 1.00–3.09; p = 0.049).

Conclusion — Revision surgery rates following hip arthroscopy are significantly higher among older patients and those with concomitant osteoarthritis. Although the data have limitations, they provide useful information to guide surgical decision-making.

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