Purpose — To estimate the positive predictive value of diagnosis and procedure codes for open and endovascular revascularization for peripheral artery disease (PAD) in Ontario administrative databases.
Methods — We conducted a retrospective validation study using population-based Ontario administrative databases (2005-2019) to identify a random sample of 600 patients who underwent revascularization for PAD at two academic centres, based on ICD-10 diagnosis codes and Canada Classification of Health Intervention procedure codes. Administrative data coding was compared to the gold standard diagnosis (PAD vs. non-PAD) and revascularization approach (open vs. endovascular) extracted through blinded hospital chart re-abstraction. Positive predictive values and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Combinations of procedure codes with or without supplemental physician claims codes were evaluated to optimize the positive predictive value.
Results — The overall positive predictive value of PAD diagnosis codes was 87.5% (84.6%-90.0%). The overall positive predictive value of revascularization procedure codes was 94.3% (92.2%-96.0%), which improved through supplementation with physician fee claim codes to 98.1% (96.6%-99.0%). Algorithms to identify individuals revascularized for PAD had combined positive predictive values ranging from 82.8% (79.6%-85.8%) to 95.7% (93.5%-97.3%).
Conclusion — Diagnosis and procedure codes with or without physician claims codes allow for accurate identifi-cation of individuals revascularized for PAD in Ontario administrative databases.