An international comparison of long-term care trajectories and spending following hip fracture
Wodchis WP, Or Z, Blankart CR, Atsma F, Janlov N, Bai YQ, Penneau A, Arvin M, Knight H, Riley K, Figueroa JF, Papanicolas I. Health Serv Res. 2021; Aug 11 [Epub ahead of print]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-6773.13864
Objective — The objectives of this study are to compare the relative use of different post-acute care settings in different countries and to compare three important outcomes: total expenditure; total days of care in different care settings; and overall longevity over a one-year period following a hip fracture.
Data Sources — We used administrative data from hospitals, institutional and home-based long-term care (LTC), physician visits and medications compiled by the International Collaborative on Costs, Outcomes, and Needs in Care (ICCONIC) from 5 countries: Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden.
Data Extraction Methods — Data were extracted from existing administrative data systems in each participating country.
Study Design — This is a retrospective cohort study of all individuals admitted to acute care for hip fracture. Descriptive comparisons were used to examine aggregate institutional and home-based post-acute care. Care trajectories were created to track sequential care settings after acute care discharge through institutional and community-based care in three countries where detailed information allowed. Comparisons in patient characteristics, utilization and costs were made across these trajectories and countries.
Principal Findings — Across five countries with complete LTC data, we found notable variations with Germany having the highest days of home-based services with relatively low costs while Sweden incurred the highest overall expenditures. Comparisons of trajectories found that France had the highest use of inpatient rehabilitation. Germany was most likely to discharge hip fracture patients to home. Over 365 days, France averaged the highest number of days in institution with 104, Canada followed at 94 and Germany had just 87 days of institutional care on average.
Conclusion — In this comparison of LTC services following a hip fracture, we found international differences in total use of institutional and non-institutional care, longevity and total expenditures. There exist opportunities to organize post-acute care differently to maximize independence and mitigate costs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.