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Hysterectomy in Ontario: a population-based study of outcomes and complications in minimally invasive compared with abdominal approaches

Kelly EC, Winick-Ng J, McClure JA, Peart T, Chou Q, MacMillan B, Leong Y, Vilos A, Vilos G, Welk B, McGee J. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2019; Jan 24 [Epub ahead of print].


Objective — As quality-based procedures (QBPs) are being established across the province of Ontario, it is important to identify reliable quality indicators (QIs) to ensure that compensation coincides with quality. Hysterectomy is the most commonly performed gynaecologic procedure and as such is a care process for which a QBP is being developed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the technicity index (TI) as a QI for hysterectomy by defining it in the context of specific surgical outcomes and complications.

Methods —This population-based, retrospective cohort study included all women who underwent hysterectomy from April 2003 to October 2014 in the province of Ontario. Unadjusted and adjusted generalized linear models were created to assess the effect of a minimally invasive hysterectomy (MIH) approach on the primary outcome measure: all hysterectomy-associated complications (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2).

Results — Of the procedures meeting the study's inclusion criteria, 56.8% were performed using an abdominal hysterectomy approach, whereas 43.2% were performed using an MIH approach. Over the study period, TI improved significantly from 33.23% in 2003 to 58.47% in 2014. During this time span, the overall incidence of all hysterectomy-associated complications was 13.1%.

Conclusion — The composite risk of all hysterectomy-associated complications was reduced by 46% with an MIH approach. The uptake of MIH improved significantly in Ontario from 2003 to 2014 and is adequately assessed by the TI. The TI is an appropriate QI for hysterectomy that can be used to track patients' outcomes and direct hysterectomy funding.

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