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Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria-associated deaths, Ontario, Canada, 2001-2013

Marras TK, Campitelli MA, Lu H, Chung H, Brode SK, Marchand-Austin A, Winthrop KL, Gershon AS, Kwong JC, Jamieson FB. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017; 23(3):468-76.


Survival implications of nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTM-PD) and NTM pulmonary isolation without disease (NTM-PI) are unclear. To study deaths associated with NTM-PD and NTM-PI and differences in survival between them, we conducted a population-based cohort study of persons with microbiologically defined NTM-PD or NTM-PI diagnosed during 2001-2013 in Ontario, Canada. We used propensity score matching and Cox proportional hazards models to compare survival. Among 9,681 NTM-PD patients and 10,936 NTM-PI patients, 87% and 91%, respectively, were successfully matched with unexposed controls. Both NTM-PD and NTM-PI were associated with higher rates of death for all species combined and for most individual species. Compared with NTM-PI, NTM-PD was associated with higher death rates for all species combined, Mycobacterium avium complex, and M. xenopi. NTM-PD and NTM-PI were significantly associated with death, NTM-PD more so than NTM-PI.

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Keywords: Bacterial infections Research and statistical methods

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