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ICD-10 adaptations of the Ontario acute myocardial infarction mortality prediction rules performed as well as the original versions

Vermeulen MJ, Tu JV, Schull MJ. J Clin Epidemiol. 2007; 60(9):971-4. Epub 2007 May 8.

Objective — To derive and validate an International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10) version of the Ontario Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) mortality prediction rules, used to adjust for case-mix differences in studies of AMI patients using administrative data.

Study Design and Setting — We linked the records of all Ontario patients admitted with AMI (2002–2004) with mortality data. The original ICD-9 codes were mapped to ICD-10-CA (Canada) codes using both a translation produced by coding experts and a manual search of codes; the final codes were determined by consensus. Comorbidity prevalence and mortality rates were calculated. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to predict 30-day and 1-year mortality and the C-statistic was used to evaluate the discrimination of the models.

Results — We identified 37,271 AMI patients. The most common comorbidities were heart failure and dysrhythmias; 30-day and 1-year mortality rates were 12.3% and 21.8%, respectively; and mortality rates were highest among patients with shock, cancer, and acute renal failure. The C-statistics were 0.77 and 0.80, compared with 0.78 and 0.79 in the ICD-9 version, for 30-day and 1-year mortality, respectively.

Conclusion — An ICD-10 version of the AMI mortality prediction rules predicted 30-day and 1-year mortality as well as the original ICD-9 version.

Keywords: Coronary disease/Myocardial infarction Health informatics