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Inter-observer reliability of ten tests used for predicting difficult tracheal intubation

Karkouti K, Rose DK, Ferris LE, Wigglesworth DF, Meisami-Fard T, Lee H. Can J Anaesth. 1996; 43(6):554-9.

Purpose — To determine inter-observer reliability of ten preoperative airway assessment tests used for predicting difficult tracheal intubation. 

Method — We prospectively assessed 59 patients undergoing elective surgery requiring tracheal intubation at a large metropolitan teaching hospital. Two experienced observers independently conducted the airway assessment tests on the same group of patients. Inter-observer reliability was examined using Kappa (K) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). 

Results — Two tests -- mouth opening (ICC = 0.93) and chin protrusion (ICC = 0.89) -- had excellent inter-observer reliability. Seven tests -- thyromental distance (thyromental distance (ICC = 0.74), subluxation (K = 0.66), atlanto-occipital extension distance (ICC = 0.67) and angle (K = 0.66), profile classification (K = 0.58), ramus length (ICC = 0.53), oropharyngeal best view (K = 0.49) -- were moderately reliable. One test -- Mallampati technique of assessing oropharyngeal view (K = 0.31) -- had poor reliability.

Conclusion — Many of the preoperative airway tests have only moderate inter-observer reliability. This may provide some insight into why previous research has failed to show that the tests accurately predict difficult tracheal intubation.

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Keywords: Surgery Anesthesiology