Supporting Patients First by mapping access to primary care
Working in partnership with the Toronto Central LHIN, ICES researchers have used administrative and other data held at ICES to create neighbourhood-level maps that pinpoint areas where patients have low access to primary care. The neighbourhood mapping process is gradually being applied across Ontario, with planners at other LHINs requesting similar data. The Ontario Community Health Profiles Partnership uses linked data from ICES to maintain a web portal that allows health policy planners and local agencies such as Community Health Centres to interact with the data for planning purposes.
With the passage of Ontario’s Patients First Act in 2016, the province’s 14 Local Health Integration Networks assumed responsibility for planning and performance improvement for the primary health care system. The Act requires that this planning take place at smaller regional levels to better address the unique health care needs of the province’s diverse urban, rural and remote communities.
Some of the groundwork for this more localized
planning has been undertaken by the Ontario Community
Health Profiles Partnership (OCHPP), using data held
at ICES. Guiding the project is Rick Glazier, a senior
scientist at ICES and lead of its primary care and
population health research program. Dr. Glazier is also
a scientist at the Centre for Urban Health Solutions at
St. Michael’s Hospital.
Glazier and his team were approached by the Toronto
Central LHIN to create neighbourhood-level maps for
prioritizing resource allocation. By linking primary care
records with geographic and demographic data, the
team identified areas where residents were less likely
to be attached to a primary care physician and where
continuity of care was low.
“Low attachment and low continuity mean disordered
care,” explains Glazier. “Where people don’t have
regular access to a family doctor, we see chaotic
patterns of health system use, with more use of
emergency services and less use of preventative
measures like cancer screening and diabetes care.
That’s where you’ll see higher health costs.”
The neighbourhood mapping process is gradually being
applied across Ontario, with planners at other LHINs
requesting similar data.
To support local capacity building, the OCHPP
maintains an open-access web data portal. The tool
enables health policy planners and local agencies
to interact with the data for planning purposes. For
example, the Toronto Central LHIN, a partner in the
OCHPP, has been using the tool to plan local access to
interprofessional care, including Family Health Teams
and Community Health Centres.
“By bringing together the issues of primary care and
population health, we can see how they overlap and
influence each other,” says Glazier. “Looking at these
interactions in the context of equity and geography,
we can map, neighbourhood by neighbourhood and
region by region, where health investment is most
needed in Ontario.”
Published in the 2016-17 ICES Annual Report
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