AHRQs typically fall into one of three categories:
- rapid response
- research report or technical brief
- research project
The type of AHRQ is determined mainly by depth of information required and the timeline for response.
Rapid Response AHRQs for Preliminary Information
Rapid response AHRQs are defined by the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (MOHLTC) as preliminary information providing a “first blush” response. For ICES, this means information is readily available or easily accessible and can be furnished within five business days. A rapid response AHRQ also indicates that information is required urgently to inform a highly important policy or planning decision.
Examples of a rapid response AHRQ include:
- statistics from an existing ICES report
- very basic analysis of existing data holdings (e.g., number of emergency department visits for concussion or other head injuries by age and sex)
- complex analysis based on an existing optimized algorithm (e.g., running the costing algorithm)
- update(s) to data tables from a previous AHRQ
Research Report or Technical Brief for Synthesis of Existing Evidence
According to the MOHLTC, a research report or technical brief AHRQ synthesizes existing research evidence on a given topic. For ICES, this type of AHRQ indicates a brief analysis resulting in a brief report or data tables. Typically, results can be furnished in four to eight weeks.
- incidence/prevalence of a chronic disease using an existing ICES-derived cohort
- rates of breast cancer screening using mammography in Ontario
Research Project to Generate New Knowledge
When existing knowledge is not sufficient for planning or policy development, a research project will be initiated. Research project AHRQs may take months or even years, depending on the type of new knowledge that must be generated. For ICES, research projects may involve a Data Sharing Agreement or multiple analyses.
Examples of research projects are:
- prevalence of pressure ulcers and related skin problems in health care settings in Ontario
- the Annual Cardiac Surgery Report Card
Be sure to prepare your AHRQ request properly. For more information on the AHRQ process, review the AHRQ documentation and resources.